Racial bias among health care providers limits black Americans’ odds of receiving a heart transplant, a replacement study finds. Researchers asked 422 U.S. physicians, nurses and other hospital decision-makers to review the hypothetical cases of black men and white men with coronary failure and to make a decision if the patients should be referred for a heart transplant.
The hypothetical cases had identical medical and social history. Race was the sole difference among them. Individually, there have been few racial differences in participants’ transplant recommendations.
But when a subgroup of 44 discussed the cases together — more closely simulating how such decisions are literally made — there was racial bias, consistent with the University of Arizona researchers. within the conference , black patients were considered less healthy, less likely to suits follow-up care recommendations and fewer trustworthy than white patients.
This meant that black patients were more likely to be recommended for mechanical pump devices rather than heart transplants, especially if the healthcare provider was older than 40.